The Net Present Value

The Net Present Value: Please Label assignment 1 and 2 they need broke out. 

There are two written Assignments due this week.

Assignment 1: Writing Assignment: Investment Options

Introduction: The Assignment requires the application of the Net Present Value (NPV) model to assess investment options given cost of capital, commonly referred to as discount rates, and required rates of returns. You will explain the role of a discount rate in evaluating the NPV model and compare investment options as cost of capital increases or decreases. The use of a financial calculator will be required in this Assignment.

The following course outcome is assessed in this Assignment:

MT480-4: Assess investment options based upon cost of capital and expected returns.

Read the scenario and address all of the checklist items.

Scenario: A new product manager presents to you, the Chief Financial Officer, a proposal to expand operations that includes the purchase of a new machine. The product manager is certain that the positive cash flows, which exceed the initial outlay by $20,000 by the end of year 4, will bring both praise and approval. You explain the company uses a 12% discount rate for cash flows and project related budgeting. You take the time to present the details of the Net Present Value (NPV) model used to assess product proposals. The data is below.

Project Outflows to Buy Machine      

Day 1   Cash Out                     -$70,000 12% discount rate applied.

End Year 1 Cash Repayment             $10,000

End Year 2 Cash Repayment             $20,000

End Year 3 Cash Repayment             $30,000

End Year 4 Cash Repayment             $30,000

To educate the new manager, and as CFO, you take the time to evaluate the following:

Checklist:

  • Evaluate how the Time Value of Money concept results in a discounted cash flow in year 4 (an amount less than $30,000).
  • Assess the investment option using a 12% cost of capital discount rate by applying the NPV model. Include values in your assessment. Provide the NPV at a 12% cost of capital discount rate. Include values in your assessment.
  • Assess the investment option when a 7% cost of capital discount rate, versus a 12% cost of capital discount rate is applied. Include values in your assessment. Provide the NPV at a 7% cost of capital discount rate.

Submit a 2–3 page paper with an additional title page in APA format. Please label your Assignment as “UNIT 9 Assignment 1— your name” and submit it to the Unit 9 Assignment 1 Dropbox.

View the rubric for additional instructions: Unit 9 Assignment 1 Rubric

Assignment 2: Offshore Accounts and Tax Benefits

As legal considerations in the financial world are often changing, the managers need to be aware of current as well as pending legislation to stay up-to-date with compliance issues. In addition, consumers and executive boards are scrutinizing ethical considerations more rigorously. In this Assignment you will review legislation as well as examine ethical considerations to apply them to a scenario.

The following course outcome is assessed in this Assignment:

GEL- 7.02: Apply ethical reasoning to ethical issues within the field of study.

Writing Assignment: Offshore Accounts and Tax Benefits

Prior to the passing of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (2017) some of America’s largest corporations were able to apply questionable, yet legal, schemes to book profits in offshore accounts to avoid (not evade) higher levels of tax expense. These tax savings were substantial, it is estimated multinational corporations had been able to avoid an estimated $90 billion in federal income taxes each year.

Scenario: The Board of Directors, shareholders, and stakeholders are just now learning that the corporation employed offshore banking transactions to minimize tax burdens.

Checklist: As the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) address the following items:

  • Explain to what extent the corporation’s shareholders might feel the corporation breached any measures of an entity of the highest ethical standards.
  • Explain to what extent the corporation’s Board of Directors might ever feel that you as CFO breached any measures of an entity of the highest ethical standards.
  • Use at least two of the ethical viewpoints as presented in “ethical approaches” to provide the ethical reasoning you would use to address your company’s offshore profits issue (also specify the approaches you use).

Submit a 2–3 page paper with an additional title page in APA format. Please label your Assignment as “UNIT 9 Assignment 2 – your name” and submit it to the Unit 9 Assignment 2 Dropbox.

View the rubric for additional instructions: Unit 9 Assignment 2 Rubric

Reference 

Individual tax reform and alternative minimum tax: 115th Congress public law 97. (2017). Retrieved from: https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/1

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