M4 responce | Business & Finance homework help




Assignment 1: Discussion—ABC or Activity-Based Costing

In your readings this module, you were introduced to Activity-Based Costing or ABC. It is a method used to determine a reliable predetermined benchmark for the allocation of overhead costs to the products produced based on their activity levels. In this discussion, we will work a case study on ABC together. For your initial response, attempt to answer the questions yourself and post all the required items into the Discussion Area. You may want to post some elements during different days so the class can work this problem together. Then in your response postings, help each other with misunderstandings or miscalculations.


  • Examine the case below and then…
    • Calculate the amount of overhead allocated to small and large advertising campaigns under existing methods.
    • Apply activity-based costing to calculate the cost per cost driver for each of the cost pools.
    • Use the costs per cost driver to calculate the activity-based overhead applicable to small and large campaigns.
    • Calculate the percentage to be added to direct advertising costs to recover overhead costs under activity-based costing.

Merit-o-cracy PLC is a specialist advertising agency. It has been long-established but is experiencing difficulties in winning new business. The Chief Executive believes that its pricing methods are leading to the loss of large customer advertising campaigns while it is consistently winning smaller business.

Merit-o-cracy costs work for pricing purposes on the basis of direct advertising costs (i.e. space or time purchased from newspapers, radio and TV) plus 100%. The 100% is intended to cover all the overheads of the business, which run at $2 million per year. It does not include any profit margin. This budget cost comprises:

Creative staff                                        $500,000

Production staff                                    $750,000

Administrative & support staff              $300,000

Rental and associated costs                  $450,000

Merit-o-cracy classifies its advertising campaigns as either small or large. Of the 350 campaigns the agency wins, about 325 are classified as small. A typical small advertising campaign incurs direct advertising costs of $4,000 each (and therefore is allocated $4,000 of overheads under current methods). The other 25 advertising campaigns are large and incur direct advertising costs of $28,000 each.

Merit-o-cracy’s accountant has heard of activity-based costing. After speaking to the management team, she has gathered information on the most common causes of costs. She believes that creative staff costs are linked to the number of advertising campaigns the agency competes for. Production staff costs are related to the number of advertising campaigns the agency wins. Administrative and support staff costs are related to the number of customers the agency has. Rental and associated costs are people-based and as a similar number of staff is employed in each of the three departments, the costs should be equally shared.

The accountant has also collected data on the activity levels in each of the three departments over the budget period. These are:


  • 800 advertising campaigns the agency bids for
  • 400 of these are bids for large campaigns and 400 for small campaigns


  • 350 advertising campaigns the agency wins
  • 325 of these are small campaigns and 25 large campaigns

Admin & support           

  • 400 customers the agency services
  • 300 of these are customers with small campaigns and 100 have large campaigns

Submission Details:

By the due date assigned, post your initial response to the Discussion Area below. Through the end of the module, review and comment on at least two peers’ responses on two different days. Your response should be thorough and address all components of the posted question in detail, include citations of all sources, where needed, according to APA style, and demonstrate accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation



Activity-Based Costing


The production activities in a company are both associated with the costs incurred as well as the profits to be made.  Thus, it becomes very important for a firm to understand all the costs it incurs and how to, therefore, price her services or products according to the way that has been established that it will be profitable. There are many traditional methods used to account for coasts as well as modern methods.  The modern methods have proven to be more efficient and straightforward whereas the traditional methods have proved to be inconsistent with their cost assignments and estimations.

The modern methods include the activity based costing method and are the one that I will largely talk about in this assignments while comparing it to the normal way and see the difference in the values obtained.

The case study

Merit-o-cracy PLC, which is a specialist-advertising agency, has been one example that will show the transition from the traditional costing methods to the modern ways. The case study spells out the various accounts of costs which are making the company to just win the smaller advertising projects that he big advisement campaigns.

Thus, what could just be the difference in the approach used? For this, I will have to find the allocation of costs to the small size advertising as well as the big or large size advertisements campaigns. From the case study, the amount of overhead allocated to small and large advertising campaigns under the existing methods will be calculated as follows:

Total pricing = space or time purchase + 100%

This means that for the 350 advertising campaign spaces, the total cost will be

This hence means that the rules as stated in the case study are still obeyed that on the direct costs of advertisements, there is 100% additional cost to cater for the overhead costs and the total amount of costs has just confirmed it.

Application of the activity based costing on every cost per cost driver

For activity-based costing, there is the allocation of the overhead to the items that actually use it. Thus if the company wants to target a reduction of its overhead costs then it has to spread its costs to only what it was working with that is the campaigns that were going to earn for the company or simply cost it but not on campaigns that will not mature.

Hence, the cost pools are as listed below

The advertisements spaces that will be bought for the large and small campaigns, creative staff, production staff, administration, support, and the rentals and associated costs. The cost has to be proportional in all aspects of the creative department, the production and the administration as well as the associated costs. Hence, I will look at the cost of 350 campaigns, which have been spread as 325 small campaigns and 25 large campaigns.

Looking at the ratio of the respective costs, 1 small campaign costs $4000 and 1 large campaign costs $28000. Thus for two both large and small campaigns will cost a total of $32000. Their respective proportions of the cost are, the small campaign’s proportion is 0.125 and the large campaign’s is 0.875.

Therefore, each departmental breakdown is going to be as follows;

Creative staff

800 (400 small +400 large) advertisements =$500000

Meaning that, for small advertisement= 0.125 X $500000=$62500

For large advertisement = 0.875 X $500000 = $437500

The large advertisement that were successful, =25/400 X $437500 = $27343.75

The small advertisement that were successful, = 325/400 X $62500 = $50781.25

Total creative staff overhead = ($27343.75+ $50781.25) = $78125

Production staff = $750000

Administrative & support staff =$300,000

Rental and associated costs = $450,000

The advertising costs =$2000000

The total activity-based overhead applicable to small and large campaigns

Total will be the sum of the new cost per pool drivers

Total = ($78125+$750000 + $300,000 + $450,000 + $2000000) =$3578125

The percentage to be added to direct advertising costs to recover overhead costs under activity-based costing

The percentage is the difference between the original amount and the new value worked on as a percentage;

Whereby we shall have

The above percentage also indicates how more expensive the traditional costing inflates the actual cost or how cheaper it looks when the activity-based costing will indicate costs of advertising.

Hence, therefore so that the company may actually identify the best way to control the costs that the company incurs while in its lines of operations.


Cokins, G. (2001). Activity-based cost management: An executive’s guide. New York: Wiley.

Hicks, D. T. (2002). Activity-based costing: Making it work for small and mid-sized companies.


 This week we will learn about a new way of establishing overhead rates to allocate indirect costs. This is called ABC or Activity Based Costing. Attached please find a template that may help you work out the numbers for the case this week. Our discussion need to be around what is used in the calculations and why. Why do companies use ABC rather than just direct labor hours to allocate overhead? 


Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Australia Assessments
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Environmental studies and Forestry
Good work.
Customer 458115, June 6th, 2022
Political science
Despite time constraints, the paper is well-structured and visually plenty as required.
Customer 453367, April 5th, 2022
Clean work!
Customer 463337, April 6th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Commendable work.
Customer 453375, April 28th, 2022
Beautifully written essay!
Customer 462241, November 25th, 2021
Customer 463647, December 1st, 2022
Customer 462865, April 18th, 2022
Business Studies
Problems 1 and 6 were wrong, I got a 75%
Customer 462485, October 16th, 2022
The paper is well-written with few errors.
Customer 452455, June 26th, 2023
English 101
Looks really good, thanks
Customer 454425, June 16th, 2020
Thank you so much for the help. This work is everything I could have asked for and more.
Customer 454439, June 8th, 2020
Well written.
Customer 463869, March 30th, 2023
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat