Best Simple Classical Argument Structure 2020

Best Simple Classical Argument Structure 2020:The classical argument structure is a type of essay writing that requires you to define a claim, present your support and convince your audience that your opinion is right. This type of Argumentative essay is also known as Aristotelian, and it is common because it’s simpler.


You can also effectively use this type of structure when your readers have scarce information, or they don’t hold a strong opinion about the topic. The classical argument typically states clear and concise facts which make it more effective to this type of audience.

However, you need to know how to correctly structure your point of view to write the best argument essay. Here is a classical argument essay outline

1.    The introduction

This is the first paragraph of your argumentative essay that contains three essential elements. These elements are identical to a standard essay, and they are

  • The hook which is the first sentence of your essay that is used to capture the attention of your audience
  • A contextual statement will provide your readers with background information that will help them understand your thesis statement
  • Your thesis statement is your claim and the logic behind your argument

Thesis Statement

The thesis statement is usually in the introduction paragraph, and it announces your claim on a controversial topic. The thesis statement is one sentence long, and it’s the most important part of your argumentative essay that sets the theme of the entire argument.

Your entire argument is based on your thesis statement, and it hints to your readers what they should expect in the essay. Here are three steps on how you can write your thesis statement in a clear and concise way

I. Ask a Question

Ask a question using your topic and attempt to answer it in your thesis statement. Questions are very effective because they are intriguing, and readers will continue reading to find out more.

II.  State a Claim

State a claim that contrasts with what you believe, refute it, and immediately explain the reason you disagree. This method will effectively use evidence and demonstrate your credibility.

III. Introduce your main points

Introduce your major points and describe how you will support them. This is an effective method because the readers are able to have an idea of what you will discuss. It is also a great way to outline your work as it gives you a road map to follow.

2. The body

The body structure of an argumentative essay has similar elements as a standard essay. The body is where you will elaborate on your key points and convince your readers why your opinion is the right one. Here is the structure of a body paragraph

  • A topic sentence
  • Evidence
  • Transition statements

Topic sentence

This is typically the first sentence of your paragraph, and it introduces the minor argument that you hope to discuss in this paragraph. The topic sentence should be clear and concise and should explain why your readers should agree with you.


Your evidence examines your topic sentence and directs your readers to your source. This section of the body paragraph is where you will support your claim with examples, statistics, and in-depth research. You can also include citations from credible sources to back up your claim.

When you state facts and objectively consider the topic from all angles, you will gain credibility and trust from your readers.

You will also address opposing viewpoints, disapprove of them and give reasons why you disagree. The evidence is critical because when you make a statement, it remains a personal opinion. However, if you back up your statement or claim with relevant evidence from credible sources, your opinion becomes a fact.

Transition statement


The transition statement connects your minor argument to the thesis statement, and it reminds your readers of this connection. The thesis statement is what guides the discussion. It can also be used as a link to transition the reader to the next paragraph.

Features of argumentative structure

The classical argument structure within the essay also contains vital sections that you need to include in your argumentative essay. These sections will allow you to effectively inform your readers, provide evidence to support your claim, and compare your claim with other competing viewpoints.

Most importantly, these sections will allow your readers to follow your line of thought. Here are the features you need to carefully consider

I. Background information

The background information will help you to clearly inform your readers about the controversial classical argument essay topics you are about to discuss. You will be able to provide specific details to your readers so that they can better understand the controversy.

The background information you will provide will not discuss minor arguments, but it is a statement that refers back to your thesis. If your readers don’t understand the background information they lose interest in the argument.

II.  Support your Claim

In your argumentative essay, you will need to support your claim and convince the readers that your opinion is the right one. You will do this using classical argument analysis and facts.

You will also need to break down your primary arguments into minor arguments that your readers can easily understand and follow. You will need to construct coherent sentences and well-structured paragraphs so that your readers can easily follow your line of reasoning.

The number of paragraphs you will have in this section will depend on your main argument and its complexity. The more complex your main idea is, the more you will need to break it down into minor arguments, and have more paragraphs.

III. Rebuttal

In the rebuttal section, you will discuss the strength of your argument and at the same time, compare and contrast it with the other competing argument. You need to prove to your audience that your argument is superior as you present the flaws of the opposing side.

You will discuss how your argument can overcome these flaws. You can present facts and discuss the topic from every angle.

However, you must remain objective in the comparison of two opposing arguments. This way, you can gain your readers’ trust, and it adds credibility to your work.

3. The conclusion

The conclusion of your argumentative essay should have a restatement of your thesis as you summarize your minor arguments. Restating your main arguments is a perfect way to emphasize your position and explains its connection to the main claim.

You should not introduce new facts in the concluding paragraph, but instead, you can appeal to your readers’ emotions. You can also use a relevant personal experience.

Mechanics of classical argument structure

When you are writing your argumentative essay, you will need to observe some do’s and don’ts to avoid misleading your audience. Your choice of words will determine how your readers understand your writing, and you need to be concise. Here are some things you need to check

Emotional appeal

In your classical argument analysis, you need to base your argument on logic and facts and avoid an emotional appeal. Emotional appeal typically relies on fear, pity, or even traditions that can influence the reader.

The best way to convince your readers is to use the persuasive ability of an argument. State facts based on evidence to arrive at a conclusion.

Slanted language

Some words may have negative connotations, and it’s best to avoid them when writing your essay. For example, if you are discussing a topic on “violence against women” you can describe football fans as “citizens”, or you describe them as a “mob”.

The word “mob” can make your readers have a negative perception of football fans.

This can mislead your audience and your argument will not be effective.

The words you select when writing your argumentative essay can influence the first impression of your readers. To avoid this kind of confusion, you need to avoid slanted words.

Classical argument essay topics

Argument essay topics need to be argumentative, which helps you to argue your position in the debate using facts and evidence. Also, you need to disapprove of a competing argument. The essay topic helps you to define your position and prove it to your audience.

Developing an argumentative essay topic

You can develop an argumentative essay topic by identifying controversial issues which in most cases are readily identifiable, particularly in the social environment. Based on the controversial issue that you choose to discuss, you can develop a topic that defines the controversy.

You will develop a question from the controversial issue that you have picked and give at least two answers to that question. You can then choose your preferred answer to create a theme for your argumentative essay.

Types of argument claims

After you develop your topic, and you have described your thesis statement, you need to know how to present your argument. Here are 5 ways that you can use to write your argumentative essay.

  • Use facts to show whether the thesis is true or if it is false
  • Provide the dictionary definition of your argument and include your personal definition
  • Use value to show the importance of what you are debating
  • Cause and effect will help you to describe to your audience the causes of a problem you are debating and the effect it has
  • Use policy to show your readers why they should care and what they can do about the issue

Key takeaway

The classical argument structure has three main sections the introduction, body, and conclusion that play a significant role in effectively engaging your readers. However, knowing how to properly structure your viewpoint, support your claim, rebuttal and finally conclude in an objective manner is vital for an argumentative essay. The argumentative essay should always have a unique classical argument structure.

Your paragraphs and sentences should be constructed appropriately to enable your readers to follow your line of thought. You also need to ensure you connect to your thesis statement. This simple structure requires you to convince your audience as you support your viewpoint with facts. 


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