Government policies globally are increasingly promoting the utilization of technology in healthcare settings. In the United States, for instance, electronic prescribing has been embraced in healthcare as an approach that enhances patient care through facilitating safety as well as the quality of the process of prescribing. Similarly, the UK government launched programs and funding initiatives to facilitate the utilization of technology within the health system. Electronic prescribing is the computer-based generation, transmission, and filling of a prescription instead of the traditional paper and fixed prescriptions.
With e-prescription, healthcare providers can enter information on prescription to an electronic device such as a desktop computer or tablet and securely share the information electronically to pharmacists using a special software program and connectivity to a transmission network. Electronic prescribing has proved its effectiveness in different settings, including the community-based setting because most prescribing takes place in the outpatient care setting, where most activities are paperwork. (Mohsin-Shaikh et al. 2019) highlight that electronic prescribing has made it easy for healthcare providers who prescribe medication to send the prescription information of patients to pharmacy computer through electronic transmission.
As a result, adverse impacts of paper prescriptions, such as medication errors, have been reduced such that pharmacists have reduced their callbacks to physicians on issues pertaining to the clarification of prescriptions. In terms of improved patient care also, electronic prescribing plays a significant role in streaming workflow in clinical practice as well as facilitating satisfaction and compliance among patients. Hence, the approach saves costs and time among patients, prescribers, and pharmacists.
However, despite the wide range of global sensitization programs to integrate and embrace health information technologies in healthcare, many states still lag in terms of implementation of electronic prescribing. For instance, in the United Kingdom, although electronic prescribing is effectively implemented in primary care, its integration in secondary care remains a matter of concern because it has not been adequately embraced. In one study by (Cresswell et al. 2014), the findings indicate that 69% of health workers utilize electronic prescribing across the world, with more than half of these having more than one EP system. The slow implementation of electronic prescriptions in secondary healthcare settings is attributed to the fact that the approach is limited to certain types of prescriptions. More so, some processes, together with the level of care provided in primary care, are more complex than in secondary care.
E prescription systems in hospitals are more complex than EP systems used in primary care. According to (Porterfield et al. 2014), electronic prescribing systems include some or all of a variety of functions. They can be integrated into different organizational settings to involve different healthcare providers at different points of care. In the UK, for instance, the hospital electronic prescribing system comprises of pharmacy-based systems, clinical specialty-based systems, home-grown software, and components of larger hospital information systems. At the same time, the US and other countries have collaborated with relevant public and private investments to increase the installation of e-prescribing technology in healthcare settings.
This study aims to analyze and discuss practical evidence on the impact of electronic prescribing on improving patient care in healthcare settings. The review also discusses the benefits of electronic prescribing in terms of reduction of adverse drug events, medication errors, improved workflow, and enhancing communication between healthcare professionals to facilitate optimum patient care. Information integrated into this research also highlights how challenges associated with electronic prescribing among both patients and prescribers can be identified and mitigated, while highlighting how more hospitals can adopt the approach for the benefit of the patient.
*****The areas highlighted in grey need to have an in-text citing, please. I have already made the other necessary corrections she requested. I do not know what sources these came from. I will probably need more citing corrections on the Lit Review after she grades that part this week as well.*****
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