In the United States, good higher education is the statistical gateway to financial success and sociopolitical status.
While access to good higher education resources is open to all, positions are limited, and some clearly have competitive advantage over others. Parents with the resources can send their children to better funded schools (public or private) with smaller classes, better teachers and counselors, more opportunities for personal development, and ambitious peers. They can hire tutors to help motivate their children to work through educational challenges, send them to SAT prep courses, find them helpful internships with paid placement services, and so on.
In addition, such parents are far more likely to be educated themselves and be in position to use personal connections to provide their children with work opportunities that make their child more competitive. QUESTION (100 PTS): Is our system of education economically just as it is, or does justice demand that it be changed in some way(s)? (i) Utilitarianism, Egalitarianism, Libertarianism and Rawlsianism each present a vision of what they believe amounts to a just economy. Explain each vision and its consequences for the state of higher education. Remember that all policies have costs, some financial (e.g. taxes) others non-financial (e.g. opportunity or freedom) (ii) Which of these principled positions do you find the most convincing and why? What makes it superior to the others?